Many-body perturbation theory for atoms, molecules, and clusters
MOLGW: What is it?
MOLGW is a code that implements the many-body perturbation theory (MBPT) to describe the excited electronic states in finite systems (atoms, molecules, clusters). It most importantly implements the \(GW\) approximation for the self-energy and the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the optical excitations.
MOLGW comes with a fully functional density-functional theory (DFT) code to prepare the subsequent MBPT runs. Standard local and semi-local approximations to DFT are available, as well as several hybrid functionals and range-separated hybrid functionals. MOLGW uses a Gaussian-type orbitals basis set so to reuse all the standard quantum-chemistry tools.
With parallelization linear algebra (SCALAPACK) MOLGW can straightforwardly calculate systems containing about 100 atoms or, in terms of basis functions, systems requiring about 2000 basis functions. Larger calculations are of course feasible, but require large computers, lots of memory, and some patience...
MOLGW: Who can use it?
MOLGW is an open-source software released under the GNU Public License version 3.0 And as such, MOLGW is completely free of charge. The GNU Public License offers the possibility for the user to download, compile, modify, and even redistribute the code.
MOLGW: What can it do?
MOLGW is a Gaussian-Type Orbital (GTO) code for finite systems. It implements a self-consistent mean-field calculation, followed by a many-body perturbtation theory post-treatment.
MOLGW can run a wide variety of popular density-functional theory approximations, including:
- LDA: PZ, PW, VWN
- GGA: BLYP, PBE, PW91, HCTH
- global hybrids: B3LYP, PBE0, BHLYP
- range-separated hybrid: HSE06, CAM-B3LYP, LC-\(\omega\)PBE, OTRSH, BNL
MOLGW can calculate the electron quasiparticle energies within different flavors of the \(GW\) approximation:
- Standard one-shot calculations: \(G_0W_0\)
- Eigenvalue-self-consistent calculations: ev\(GW\)
- Quasiparticle-Self-consistent \(GW\)>: QS\(GW\)
- Static COHSEX
- Self-consistent COHSEX
- PT3, also known as Electron Propagator Theory
MOLGW can calculate the optical excitation energies and spectra within:
- Bethe-Salpeter Equation (Tamm-Dancoff Approximation or not)
- TD-DFT (Tamm-Dancoff Approximation or not)
Incidentally, MOLGW can calculate the MBPT total energies within a few popular approximations:
- Random-Phase Approximation
- Full Configuration-Interaction for very few electrons